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The work begins with drawn studies or photographs. I choose the subsequent print medium - the crisp etching line, the soft lithograph line, the rich drypoint line, or the gravure method – to reinforce the meaning intended within the image.

My subject matter is the natural form - the overlooked, or less remarked. I am drawn to these forms either by a visual attraction, or by the subject’s resonance with those historical, ethical or environmental matters which interest me - or both. I give these small and vulnerable remnants of nature an iconographic stature, to reinforce the importance of their placement in the natural world.

  • Etchings

    A metal plate (copper or zinc) is covered with acid resistant wax. An etching needle is used to draw the image into the wax resist. The needle reveals bare metal under the resist and when the plate is immersed in acid, the acid bites...

  • Lithographs

    Lithography (stone writing) relies upon the antipathy between grease and water. The flat surface of the stone is ground with grit (coarse to fine) to create a smooth surface on which to make the image. The image is created using...

  • Photogravure

    Photogravure enables a photographic image to be converted to an etching, and is one of the finest means of photographic reproduction available. It combines the full tonal details of a photograph with the richness and flexibility of an...

  • Viscosity etching

    Viscosity etching enables a three-color print to be produced from a single etching plate. The plate is etched to give a surface area, an area of moderate etch and a deeply etched area. Inks of different viscosities (which have the power...

  • Drawings

    Some of my drawings go beyond preparation for prints and become finished drawings. I work principally in either charcoal or pencil on paper. Drawings also form the basis for Direct Gravure - see that section.

  • Aquatint

    Aquatint is often used as part of the etching process. Aquatint enables tonal areas to be added to an etching plate. The plate is covered with powdered rosin, which melts when heated and fuses to the plate. The plate is immersed in...

  • Drypoint

    A sharp needle-point (drypoint) tool is used to draw into the surface of a copper metal plate. The drypoint tool throws up a burr as it is drawn across the metal. When the plate is inked, the burr catches the ink, which gives a...

  • Direct Gravure

    Using the same technical process as photogravure, a direct gravure converts a drawing on a transparent paper (such as mylar), or non-photo computer-generated image printed on transparent film, into an etching.